Adrenalina Tours

Adrenalina Tours

digital library 06 September 2016

The Sins of the Fathers: Franciscan Friars, Parish Priests, and the Sexual Conquest of the Yucatec Maya,

Differing from the rapid political, economic, and social conquests, the conquest of indigenous sexuality was often a long and deeply contested arena of indigenous-Spanish encounters. The roots of what can be called the “sexual conquest” of the Yucatec Maya began with the initial missions of the Franciscan friars. The earliest friars produced vocabularies, grammars, sermons, and confession manuals as tools for their missionary effort. By analyzing these missionary creations, we can approach an understanding of the friars’ views of Maya sexuality. The Maya, however, often took the missionary teachings concerning proper and improper sexual activities, and through the lens of their own cultural concepts of sexuality and sexual relations they manipulated them for their own purposes. This paper will examine how the knowledge of the “sins of the fathers” served both the missionaries and the Maya in their struggle for control over the complex nature of evolving colonial sexuality.

 

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digital library 06 September 2016

PAPAL BULLS, Extirpators, and the Madrid CODEX

Mystery and controversy have shrouded the origins of many fascinating documents throughout human history. The hieroglyphic Maya text known as the Madrid Codex is one such document. Initially believed to be two separate manuscripts, Léon de Rosny proved in 1880 (de Rosny 1882) that the two documents known as the codices Troano and Cortesianus belonged to the same codex (the Troano section was first reproduced and published in 1869 by the Frenchman Abbé Brasseur de Bourbourg and the Cortesianus section by de Rosny in 1883).

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digital library 06 September 2016

K’ICHE’ - ENGLISH DICTIONARY and GUIDE TO PRONUNCIATION OF THE K’ICHE’-MAYA ALPHABET

The following K'iche'-English dictionary was compiled by Allen J. Christenson while conducting field work in highland Maya linguistics and ethnography from 1978-1985. All of the entries were elicited through collaboration with native K'iche' speakers in the communities of Momostenango (as well as its dependent aldeas of Canquixaja, Nimsitu, and Panca) and Totonicapan (and its dependent aldeas of Nimasak and Cerro de Oro). The dictionary is unpublished and is offered to FAMSI as a tool for research. 

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digital library 06 September 2016

POPOL VUH Sacred Book of the Quiché Maya People

A little over twenty years ago I helped to compile a dictionary in the Quiché-Maya language in the mountains of northwestern Guatemala near a small village called Chihul. At the time, Quiché was almost completely an orally-communicated language, with very few native speakers who could read or write it. One summer evening, after a long day of work with one of my best sources, I realized that I had lost track of time and needed to hurry down to the valley where I had a small home before it got dark. The region had no electricity and hiking steep mountain trails at night was dangerous, particularly because of the numerous packs of wild (and often rabid) dogs that roamed freely about

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digital library 06 September 2016

The Sacred Tree of the Ancient May

Sacred trees, representing the power of life to grow from the underworld realm of the dead, are a common motif in the art and literature of the ancient Maya of Mesoamerica. Such trees are similar in concept to the tree of life described in the Book of Mormon, as well as to the mythic traditions of many other contemporary world cultures. Hieroglyphic inscriptions and sixteenthcentury highland Maya texts describe a great world tree that was erected at the dawn of the present age to stand as the axis point of the cosmos. In its fruit-laden form, it personified the god of creation who fathered the progenitors of the Maya royal dynasty.

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digital library 06 September 2016

Maya Harvest Festivals and the Book of Mormon

Christenson, in the annual FARMS lecture delivered on 27 February 1991, examined the Maya New Year’s harvest festival, perhaps the most important public festival of the year. The festival coincided with the main corn harvest in mid-November and served as the New Year’s Day of the solar calendar, when kingship was renewed. Christenson gave particular attention to the symbolic treatments of the evil god Mam

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digital library 06 September 2016

Toward a Maya Theology of Liberation

Much has been written about the "decline" of liberation theology (LT) in relation to its heyday in the late 1960s and early 1970s, primarily because of opposition to it by conservative elements in the Catholic Church hierarchy, including Pope John II, and because of less favorable ideological and material conditions resulting from the rise to dominance of conservative political ideology and the decline of socialism in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and Latin America during the 1980s and 1990s (Smith 1991 :chap. 10). From the perspective of liberation theologians, this decline is an important issue and worthy of examination. But I would argue that there is another aspect of LT that is equally important: the "failure" of LT to achieve its goals because of its own problems, limitations, and contradictions.

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digital library 06 September 2016

Aime Cesaire: colonialism a, comunismo y negritud

Aime Cesaire es un poeta y un politico, como lo fue su amigo de toda la vida Leopold Sedar Senghor. Si hubiera que etiquetarlo de alguna forma, tendrfa que ser como un homme de culture noir. Los hechos mas destacados de su biograffa son bien conocidos, pero quiza convenga recordarlos: nacido en 1913 en un pequefio municipio de Martinica, recibi6 su educaci6n secundaria en Fort-de-Prance, de donde parti6 a Parfs para ingresar en las instituciones de ensefianza mas prestigiosas de Francia: en el Lycee Louis-le-Grand (donde conoci6 a Senghor, uno de sus compafieros de clase) para completar su hyperkhdgne, y luego en la Ecole Normale Superieure.

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digital library 06 September 2016

The calendar of the tarascans

LIKE the other cultured peoples of Mexico and Central America, the Tarascans of the time of the Conquest had knowledge of the calendar. Indeed, in the Relacion de Michoacanl"2-an anonymous work which, as we shall later see, was written between 1540 and 1541,-are mentioned the names of thirteen Tarascan months, and for four of them the corresponding date in the Christian calendar is given. One more month, although not named, is said to have fallen on November 14.

 

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digital library 02 September 2016

THE FLOWERING OF THE DEAD: AN INTERPRETATION OF HIGHLAND MAYA CULTURE

A survey of the anthropological literature demonstrates the twentieth-century Maya of the highlands of Guatemala and Chiapas, Mexico, to be among the most studied ethnic groups in the world. These studies range from Oliver La Farge's accounts of his 1920s investigations in the Cuchumatan Mountains (La Farge & Byers 1931; La Farge 1947), through the work by Sol Tax in the Lake Atitlan area (1937; 1941; 1953), to the impressive list of publications that grew out of the Harvard Chiapas Project (too numerous to be cited).

 

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